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John E. Wade

John Wade is a Consulting Actuary with Pinnacle Actuarial Resources, Inc., managing the Indianapolis, Indiana office and has been providing actuarial consulting services since 1994, after having been employed by two primary carriers from 1978 - 1994. His practice is concentrated in providing reserving, funding and pricing studies for a wide variety of clients, including insurance companies, trade organizations, public entities and regulators.

His skill set includes loss reserving and rating for most lines of business, liability assessment for various funds, hands-on interaction with regulators, and project management. Mr. Wade is an Associate of the Casualty Actuarial Society and a Member of the American Academy of Actuaries. He serves or has served on the Nominating Committee, the Casualty Loss Reserve Seminar Planning Committee (Vice Chairman 2016-Present), the University Liaison Program, the Committee on Professionalism Education and the Membership Advisory Panel Committee of the Casualty Actuarial Society, as well as the Emerging Issues Task Force of the Casualty Practice Council of the American Academy of Actuaries. Mr. Wade often speaks at industry events. He has actively mentored college actuarial students as well as young actuarial candidates already in the professional work force.

Publications and Media

July 18 2017 APEX Discussion Series
ORSA: Has Anything Changed?
Authored by Laura A. Maxwell and John E. Wade.

October 2016 APEX Discussion Series
Workers Compensation Game Changers
Authored by Timothy C. Mosler and John E. Wade.

See More »

Case Studies

Florida Department of Financial Services

Florida Department of Financial Services

The Florida Department of Financial Services (DOFS) oversees and administers the runoff of domestic Florida insurance companies in rehabilitation. Typically, when a company's financial condition is perilous, the DOFS obtains court orders to oversee the company’s administration and manage the orderly adjudication of all unpaid claims liabilities.

Measuring the extent of those claims liabilities involves uncertainty as to the number and severity of those claims. Further complicating the issue relates to the attitudes of claimants and their attorneys as regards to settlement of such claims knowing the company itself is under regulatory supervision. 

We assisted the DOFS in a formal way with the runoff of three nonstandard auto writers, all part of a company group. The nature of the exposure was such that the unpaid claims were dominated by bodily injury and property damage liability claims. Our modeling of the anticipated future settlements considered input from company claims representatives, the DOFS itself and the company’s auditors.

At the outset of the assignment, the company’s surplus was impaired significantly. During the process, the DOFS was able to achieve significant concessions on the part of claimants given the uncertain financial condition of the carriers involved. The outcome was when the last claim was paid, the company shell that remained had a positive surplus balance. 

Rate Indications / Filings

Rate Indications / Filings

A regional carrier came to Pinnacle wanting to implement an insurance score program along with rate indications for home, auto and farm. Pinnacle developed rate indications for each line, and developed an underwriting scorecard rating approach using insurance score as a critical component. The combination of implementing appropriate rates and the new rating plan enabled this company to turn their business around, become profitable and rebuild their surplus position.

U S Domestic Statement of Actuarial Opinion

U S Domestic Statement of Actuarial Opinion

Domestic U.S. property/casualty insurers and risk retention groups are required to file an Annual Statement with state regulators each year by March 1. Part of that filing includes the submission of a formal Statement of Actuarial Opinion (SAO) by a qualified Appointed Actuary as to the reasonableness of held loss and loss adjustment expense reserves. The SAO must be one of five types:

  • Reasonable
  • Inadequate/Deficient
  • Excessive/Redundant
  • Qualified
  • No Opinion

In addition to the SAO, most jurisdictions require an Actuarial Opinion Summary (AOS) providing more detail on the Appointed Actuary’s specific findings by March 15. Lastly, a formal report narrative in support of the SAO and AOS is required to be available by May 1.

As the SAO is a compliance document, the primary audience is state regulators but the individual company must arrange for the service to be provided.

A recent SAO for one of our clients touched on many of the required disclosures:

  1. The adequacy of held reserves on a net basis were below the low end of our range of reasonable reserves until we took into account anticipated salvage and subrogation recoveries.
  2. The unearned premium reserves for long duration contracts were substantial and we conducted a review to determine they were adequate
  3. The Company held material loss and loss adjustment expense reserves for pools and associations. In order avoid having to issue a Qualified Opinion, we separately computed indicated reserves for two of the pools/associations, and obtained an SAO from the Appointed Actuary for the National Workers Compensation Reinsurance Pool.
  4. Reinsurance recoveries were in doubt for certain carriers as balance were sometimes overdue by more than 90 days. After reviewing the reinsurers’ A. M. Best ratings, we made the required disclosures about reinsurance collectability. 

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