FCAS, MAAA, CERA
Principal and Consulting Actuary

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Robert J. Walling III

Robert Walling is a Principal and Consulting Actuary with Pinnacle Actuarial Resources, Inc. and has been in the insurance industry since 1989, consulting since 1997. He is focused on actuarial studies for captives and self-insureds, enterprise risk management (ERM), commercial lines ratemaking and loss reserving, legislative costing, regulatory consulting and litigation support. He has consecutively been named one of Captive Review’s Captive Power 50. He has served on numerous CAS and AAA committees, task forces and working groups, several as the chair. He is also a member of the faculty of the International Center for Captive Insurance Education (ICCIE). Mr. Walling is a frequent speaker at industry meetings on captives and alternative markets, ERM, insurance regulatory issues, medical professional liability and government insurance program topics, predictive analytics and professionalism.

Publications and Media

March 2020 APEX
Captive Insurance, Start-Ups and Innovation
Authored by Gregory W. Fears, Jr. and Robert J. Walling III.

Risk (and Opportunity) Everywhere
Captive Review
Authored by Robert J. Walling III.

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Case Studies

DFA Model

DFA Model

Pinnacle was asked by a regional insurer to help build a customized financial model for use in strategic decision making and in determining economic capital needs. The model reflected current and potential underwriting operations. It also incorporated economic scenario generators, capital allocation, catastrophe model results, regulatory and rating agency metrics such as risk-based capital (RBC) and Best’s Capital Adequacy Ratings (BCAR), as well as loss reserve variability. The model was designed to be used to evaluate a variety of strategic decisions, particularly related to underwriting, reinsurance, macro investment allocation, and capital allocation decisions.

Funding Study

Funding Study

Pinnacle was approached by an aircraft manufacturer to provide recommended funding for various aviation and liability coverages. Pinnacle’s initial steps included discussing coverages to be provided and what data was available to complete the funding study. The captive was a start-up with no loss information on which to determine appropriate funding levels. Pinnacle was able to determine that the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) had a database of aircraft incidents that recorded both the manufacturer and model of the aircraft involved in the incident. Since the manufacturer was able to provide the number of units produced, Pinnacle was able to determine the frequency and severity of the incidents and project ultimate funding levels. The captive is currently operational after receiving regulatory approval.

Retention Analysis

Retention Analysis

Pinnacle was asked by a large self-insured regional transportation authority to assess the impact of increasing their self-insured retentions for both workers compensation and automobile liability. We developed a stochastic simulation analysis, based on the program’s historical claims experience and industry benchmarks, that examined not only the increase in expected losses but the program’s additional potential loss variability. Finally, we discussed with the customer the relationship between their current capital position, as well as the current reinsurance market, to ensure the retention they selected for their program was appropriate for them. The authority ultimately increased their retentions, put some of their excess capital to work, and realized substantial savings in their reinsurance costs.

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