Enterprise Risk Management

Pinnacle brought a lot of medical malpractice knowledge to the task, interfaced with us well and produced a solid and highly usable report.

— Alan Seeley
New Mexico Insurance Division

Services

Enterprise Risk Management

Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) is a critical component of increasing your organization’s value by assessing, controlling, exploiting, financing and monitoring risk. The importance of ERM is self-evident due to the demands for information by rating agencies, regulators and financing institutions. While economic capital modeling is an essential element of ERM, it is only part of the process and not sufficient in and of itself.

At Pinnacle, we recognize the “M” in ERM stands for "Management", not models. We can assist you in the initial review, design and documentation of internal economic capital models and marginal pricing frameworks. Our holistic approach to ERM will help you to document your organization’s due diligence regarding ERM to interested parties.

Our expertise and insight comes from decades of tailoring specific solutions that meet the ERM needs of a wide range of entities and organizations:

Insurers and Reinsurers

We work with insurers and reinsurers on a variety of ERM projects, including:

  • Helping companies articulate their risk appetite
  • Building DFA models and performing DFA analyses (including company valuations) for insurers and reinsurers
  • Working on a variety of issues surrounding capital modeling
  • Assisting in the development of reinsurance treaty pricing models that incorporate rating agency capital requirements
  • Helping prepare necessary documentation for the capital models that they have developed
  • Assist designing marginal pricing models for reinsurance companies
  • Providing assistance for strategic decisions such as expanding into new lines of business or regions
  • Providing actuarial support for Merger & Acquisition (M & A) decisions

Asset managers

We work with asset managers to develop models that optimize asset allocations and that help to match the durations of assets and liabilities.

Regulators

Issues such as aggregation of risk, capital modeling and risk control procedures are all receiving considerable attention by regulators. Pinnacle works with a wide range of clients on these and other ERM issues and is well qualified to assist regulatory bodies in these matters.

Self Insured Entities

Pinnacle helps self insured entities analyze their entire cost of risk associated with the selected retention option. We can analyze various retention levels for a self insurance plan in an effort to maximize the benefit of the plan while focusing on the risk appetite of the entity.

Government Insurers

Pinnacle has vast experience assisting government insurance entities with ERM projects. Typically this would involve DFA analyses and other studies regarding capital adequacy and reinsurance structures.

Public Entities

Pinnacle’s expert staff helps public entities all over the United States in analyzing their exposures, liabilities, and risk management procedures in a cost effective way.

Publications and Media

Captive Insurance Companies Association (CICA) Conference
Captive Insurance Company Reports (CICR)
Authored by Aaron N. Hillebrandt.

Analytics Offer Unlimited Opportunities to Actuaries
Journal of Reinsurance Vol 25 No 1
Authored by Gary C. Wang.

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Case Studies

Company Valuation Model
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Company Valuation Model

An international financial services holding company wished to become the sole owner of a company in which they had a substantial minority interest. One of our consultants designed a stochastic valuation model projecting dividend streams several decades into the future. One of the more interesting features of this model is that it did not merely arrive at a point estimate of the value of the firm but applied various assumptions to calculate a range of values. The assumptions were discussed in advance with management and the model produced a probability distribution of the value of the firm. This allowed the client to determine the likely return for a given purchase price, improving the decision making process that led to the holding company obtaining full ownership of the subsidiary.

DFA Model
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DFA Model

Pinnacle was asked by a regional insurer to help build a customized financial model for use in strategic decision making and in determining economic capital needs. The model reflected current and potential underwriting operations. It also incorporated economic scenario generators, capital allocation, catastrophe model results, regulatory and rating agency metrics such as risk-based capital (RBC) and Best’s Capital Adequacy Ratings (BCAR), as well as loss reserve variability. The model was designed to be used to evaluate a variety of strategic decisions, particularly related to underwriting, reinsurance, macro investment allocation, and capital allocation decisions.

Portfolio Aggregation
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Portfolio Aggregation

A reinsurer wanted to combine the results of their pricing and reserving models for individual treaties - from diverse lines of business and treaty structures - to produce an annual return distribution for the company. This was a part of their ERM framework and the genesis of their economic capital modeling process. After reviewing treaty wordings and pricing and reserving models, we designed a model that reflected dependency amongst the treaties and produced an annual return distribution. Furthermore, the model was designed to allow users of the model output to easily see how sensitive the results were to the assumed dependency structures.

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